The signs of CASE vehicles transforming the logistics and delivery businesses are quite evident now. The CASE – initials for Connected, Autonomous, Shared and Electric – defines the medium for logistics of near future. The contemporary vehicles already offer connected, electric and semi-autonomous environment while entirely CASE cars and drones are under testing phases.
The CASE technology will revolutionize the Logistics in following ways.
Connectivity on Many Levels
The connected environment is becoming part and parcel of every vehicle. Rarely would one find a car lacking internet connectivity option. By enabling this connection, the vehicle gets remote access to the universe of online information. For instance, the vehicle is able to find the best route to destination without needing human interference.
Many companies are acquiring the services mini-drones which can pass through narrow alleys, unlike relatively wider vehicles. The delivery drones provide a logistics strategy example which would have been impossible without the effectiveness of GPS software to find the best route. Since almost every metropolitan city offers endless internet connection anywhere in the city premises, the vehicles and drones stay connected.
There are cases when customers intend inter-city delivery. The GPS works without internet by enabling the location services of mobile or embedded device. Although route finding is unavailable without internet, yet the manufacturers program the drones to predetermine route before starting from one city to another.
Internet connectivity is not limited to GPS. The connected environment includes the end users too which are able to track delivery carrier in real-time. They may also get close to accurate delivery time since the software estimates time by using distance and traffic volume.
While entire European Union including the UK is already ensuring 100% connected vehicles, the US is going to meet the perfect percentage soon.
Uninterrupted Motion in Autonomous Environment
Self-Driving vehicles remained the favorite component of science-fiction movies and novels for past few decades. Regardless of the amount of acclamation, the stories were precise in forecasting the mobility trends of future. Fortunately, the future is here.
Autonomous vehicles are becoming a norm now. The manufacturing and release of models is underway for decades. However, it depends on the readers’ perspective on what they refer to as autonomous cars. As a standard, the manufacturers define six-level autonomy with every level having significantly varying features.
Currently, level-three autonomy – where vehicles have complete control over acceleration, brakes, and maneuvering – is completely commercialized in vehicles. Every major manufacturer offers vehicles with L3 autonomy. The primary difference between L3 and L4 is the required amount of vigilance of drivers. Both levels require the driver to intervene in unusual circumstances. However, L4 rarely requires intervention. L5 will be the ultimate autonomy where vehicles will no longer carry a driver.
Autonomous vehicles and drones travel by using 3D cameras covering every dimension. If all the vehicles are autonomous, they are able to communicate with each other to adjust speed. Consequently, the traffic will never be static as vehicles will estimate the distance of every object in the surroundings and alter its position accordingly.
Although the probability of collision is extremely rare as compared to human driving errors, yet these vehicles are capable of automatically alerting the relevant authorities in case of an accident.
Since delivery business does not involve passengers, the autonomy in mini-drones for logistics has already reached the topmost level. There is no fear of casualty if a drone crashes. Thus, the regulatory bodies are allowing logistics through mini-drones.
Eco-Friendly Logistics Strategies
Environmental concerns are peaking in every corner of the world. Governments and local administrations are now regulating the vehicle manufacturing to disallow combustion engine in vehicles. All types of logistics strategies will feature electric cars and drones.
The air pollution in some major cities is worsening due to the constant increase in toxic gases released from the combustion of fuel. Contrarily, the cities with flexibility towards electric vehicles are faring very well with persistent improvement in air quality.
A wide amount of research confirms that electric mobility and logistics will drastically reduce the unintended impact of climate change. Many European countries, including Norway and Germany, will feature 100% electric vehicles by 2030. The metropolitan cities of these countries apart from the US will ban thermal vehicles by 2025.
Since the drones are already powered by batteries, they leave minimum carbon-footprint. The customers of logistics industry are also inclined towards acquiring services which participate in ensuring green environment. Research in this regard indicates that over 85% of people are willing to wait longer to ensure green logistics. Notably, the electric vehicles and drones ensure timely delivery as well as keeping green biodiversity intact.
Delivery businesses with electric cars are not only helpful for biodiversity but to ensure a remarkable increase in profits too. An electric car costs only 15% of the cost required to run a thermal vehicle. The maintenance costs are also very economical.
Relentless Economic progress
Apart from the economic benefits attained from cost-effectiveness of electric and autonomous vehicles, the shared environment plays the central role in cost reduction for city administrators, delivery business owners and users.
A shared environment allows different delivery consumers to share the same vehicles for short times. They would be able to access the nearest vehicle of their choice by finding one using their smartphone. Shared setting also enables car-pooling by accessing the services of a nearby CASE vehicle. This way, the consumers will be able to significantly minimize the fare.
Logistics owners can optimize the operations by reducing costs and completing the order in quicker time. The drones in service to deliver at locations nearer to each other may collaborate to allow single drone do the job. This would eliminate the need to operate two drones for same task.
Finally, the administrators would be able to reduce the budget to regulate traffic and put penalties on offenders. They will need much less amount of money to preserve the environment.
Although the logistics and delivery business carries a massive potential for growth, yet the companies which act right now to integrate CASE technology will be the pioneers and most trusted service providers.
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